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This paper encompassed the preparation of most of the necessary front-end engineering design (FEED) elements for a design-build construction management (CM) contract for a 60 metric ton per day (48-million pounds per year) guar processing facility by Kirkuk Global LLC, an international project management consulting firm. The construction management contract will be performed as either a traditional owner’s representative for the project sponsor, or as an at-risk CM under a guaranteed maximum price (GMP). Five major tasks have been identified as part of this project design effort: prepare a plant conceptual site plan and equipment layout design; prepare an organizational chart, plant payroll and construction budget; prepare a baseline project construction schedule; develop a quality assurance and a quality control manual; and prepare overall project pro forma financial statements.
From the beginning of the Manchu led Qing Dynasty of China, Manchu emperors saw themselves as universal rulers of their growing empire – ruling for all while creating and controlling the identities of their subjects (including the Manchus’ themselves). This essay will study the Qing’s imperial top-down conquest leadership culminating with the Manchu’s unique implementation of regional and international relations, development of regional alliances and tactics, and extension of the Chinese frontier through military actions. All these factors resulted in the Qing victory over the Zunghar Mongols, the far western Mongol tribe posing the main threat to the Qing from China’s Inner Asian frontier. At the same time, the Qing spread their hegemony and rule into the Zunghar sphere of influence in Tibet and Eastern Turkestan. As a result, the High Qing actions of conquest significantly added to the physical size and demographic diversity of China, in essence, forming the modern borders of China.
The field of defense contracting is one of the more unique fields within the modern American economy. From 2003 to the current day, Defense Contractors have become a pivotal and crucial part of our national defense and security strategies. This need sparked a new market and along with that, an ever changing landscape of different market trends and needs. This paper sought to identify how these changes coincide with Porter's Five Competitive Forces to give a better understanding of how the defense contracting field, while unique, follows the incontrovertible truths of all business markets. Through my findings, I was able to identify multiple instances where Porter's factors lined up effectively with changes to the industry. From increased competition due to reduced market viability, the threat of substitutes and new companies entering the market, to the change in power dynamic from the contractors to the government, all of these factors prove that in order to best navigate the complex world of national security solutions, one must observe proper business principles to succeed.
First, this paper explores the European and American portrayals of anarchists and anarchism from the end of the nineteenth century through the middle of the twentieth century and how these portrayals were used to effectively overcome the challenge anarchism posed to rival political ideologies. Secondly, it examines the legislative, judicial, and policing methods used to combat the perceived threat by anarchists and anarchism, including the creation of police agencies and networks like the F.B.I. and INTERPOL. Lastly, there is an overview and analysis of the use of police and military force against anarchist movements. The foundations of modern counter-terrorism systems originated with the effort to combat anarchism.
This essay will discuss an important, yet often overlooked part of terrorist groups: women. The traditional image of a Muslim terrorist involves darker skin men, with long beards, wearing a long white turban or military style uniforms. Increasingly terrorism has expanded beyond this image and can include women, children, and people from all social classes and areas of the world. In order to find ways to combat terrorism it is necessary to define where the threat is coming from, to study the terrorists themselves. As time goes on it is apparent that women are becoming more and more involved in terrorism. The purpose of this essay is to explore women's interest in terrorism, why these instances are increasing, and how this impacts terrorism globally. The essay will describe several prominent case studies of women's involvement with terrorism. The essay posits that instances of female terrorism are increasing in the 21st century, and will consider how and why female terrorism is on the rise. Finally, the impact of female terrorism on global jihad, and other terrorist movements will be analyzed. This essay will conclude with ideas for counterterrorism strategies as they relate to female terrorists. This is an important topic, as gender considerations continue to develop in the 21st century.
This business plan will be developed as a planning and operations guide for Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center. Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center (DHMC) to work with unit and department leaders to create a 24-hour second victim response team to support clinicians throughout the hospital. This plan will outline the service, market analysis and costs of creating and operating this team. The second victim response team (SVRT) will be a 24-hour service provided to volunteers, clinicians, and staff to assist in times when there is an unexpected or adverse patient experience or outcome. The team will be comprised of clinicians such as nurses, physicians and respiratory therapists, from high-risk areas of the hospital (ICU, OR, etc.). These staff members will form a frontline team that will respond to the needs of staff at any hour of the day to avoid long-term, debilitating, or career-ending psychological or emotional trauma. There is a clear unmet need, and evidence based practice that is showing that an SVRT program can be beneficial to implement in patient care areas (Scott, Hirschinger, & Cox, 2009). There is a distinct need to support clinical staff psychologically and emotionally while providing patient care, but currently there is no support for staff when these negative patient outcomes occur. The program will be paid for by the facility, with no cost to the staff consumer. Funds will be utilized from the Employee Assistance (EA) budget. Allocation of these funds and the SVRT budget can be found in this business plan.
The Jordan River Basin is an international water resource that includes surface and groundwater running through and under five riparian states: Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria. The region, having experienced on-going armed conflict in all or parts of it, maintains a hyper-vigilant environment where water – being a scare and precious resource – is considered a war-instigating factor. Water cooperation, nevertheless, exists among some of the riparians, albeit it in limited form. Thus, the opportunity for escalation of either conflict or cooperation over shared waters will mainly be determined by states’ willingness to set aside politics in favor of regional sustainability. The 1997 Convention on the Law of the Non-navigational Uses of International Watercourses (Watercourses Convention) can serve as a framework for an absent basin-wide agreement that will help secure sustainable and equitable water management among co-riparian states in the region. It is a potential avenue to open a much-needed dialogue among often-hostile nations is through the apolitical topic of water sustainability for the region. Namely, ensuring the health of the Jordan River Basin is addressed and maintained. The UN Watercourses Convention ratified by all nations except for Israel, offers a framework from which negotiators can begin work. The political instability and military hostilities in the region renders engagement in water law a difficult proposition. That being said, the interdependence of states created through shared waters can trigger cross-border dialogue among lawmakers and water experts in the interest of water security and conflict abatement.
Inter-organizational communication failures during times of real-world disasters impede the collaborative response of agencies responsible for ensuring the public’s health and safety. In the best of circumstances, communications across jurisdictional boundaries are ineffective. In times of crisis, when communities are grappling with the impact of a disaster, communications become critically important and more complex. Key factors for improving inter-organizational communications are critical thinking and problem-solving skills; inter-organizational relationships; as well as strategic, tactical and operational communications. Improving communication, critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making requires a review of essential factors and leadership skills. Additionally, an analysis of the existing research, with an emphasis on the importance of establishing inter-organizational relationships before a real-time disaster event, is discussed. Inter-organizational relationships require a foundation that includes trust; collegiality; flexibility; expertise; openness; relational networking; and effective communications. Leaders must also be prepared to improve leadership skills through the continual development in each of these foundational areas.