Archives

Found 8 Accolades
  • 2017

Factors in Somali Culture that Prevent the Establishment of Centralized Governance

Author: Jason Salvog
Abstract:

The nation state of Somalia and its people have been on the periphery of global attention for the better part of the past three decades. During this time, the global community has branded Somalia as a failed state, with no legitimate functioning central government that provides for the population and represents the country internationally.  While there have been other countries labeled as failed states during this time, Somalia is unique in both the duration of this label and the number of attempts to make the country a productive member of the international community. The intent of this writing is to shed light and enhance the understanding of some of the aspects of the issues that exist in Somalia that have contributed to the failure to establish a legitimate and functioning central government. These failures are due both to the lack of cultural understanding by the donor nations and some of the cultural views held by a segment of the Somali population. The approaches that have either worked in donor nations or that the donor nations have had success with in nation building endeavors may not work in Somalia due to cultural differences and factors that external actors may be aware of but not truly understand. This paper highlights and offers potential solutions to some of the cultural issues that have prevented the Somalia from developing a legitimate, functioning government during this time despite support from the international community.

  • 2017

Budget Home Expansion

Author: Guido Rivas
Abstract:

This project will generally consist of the planning necessary for research, design, and implementation of a business model that will provide tools, materials, and detailed instructions for a home expansion using a modular design deliverable. Materials are delivered to a client with pre-cut and marked members along with the proper tools for optimal project completion. The client will have access to detailed instructions from initial survey to final inspection by the local governance. The goal of this project is to enable the budget minded client with novice to intermediate knowledge of general construction to have hands-on involvement in the expansion of their residential home.

  • 2016

Design and Construction of a Guar Processing Facility

Author: Edgar Montalvo
Abstract:

This paper encompassed the preparation of most of the necessary front-end engineering design (FEED) elements for a design-build construction management (CM) contract for a 60 metric ton per day (48-million pounds per year) guar processing facility by Kirkuk Global LLC, an international project management consulting firm. The construction management contract will be performed as either a traditional owner’s representative for the project sponsor, or as an at-risk CM under a guaranteed maximum price (GMP). Five major tasks have been identified as part of this project design effort: prepare a plant conceptual site plan and equipment layout design; prepare an organizational chart, plant payroll and construction budget; prepare a baseline project construction schedule; develop a quality assurance and a quality control manual; and prepare overall project pro forma financial statements.

  • 2016

Houston Hotel Stormwater Design with USGBC LEED Focus

Author: Christopher Wells
Abstract:

This project explored the use of the United States Green Building Council’s (USGBC) LEED sustainable design program and parameters in relation to a multi-purpose hotel and convention center’s site stormwater collection and maintenance system. Base stormwater flow calculations exiting the site were performed according to the standard design practices supported by the City of Houston. This included utilizing a two-hour, 10-year storm as the base design for sizing and capturing 50% of the water created by the newly developed landscape through the use of an underground storage basin. Redesigning the system to achieve LEED credits, improvements to the design were made in the form of a natural wetland, green roofs, rainwater irrigation cisterns, and a permeable pavement. These improvements resulted in a negligent peak flow during the two-hour, 10-year storm. Utilizing a larger, two-hour, 100-year storm as an additional test of efficiency, the peak runoff levels were lower than those of the basis of design flows for the 10-year storm. The steps taken towards LEED certification not only lead to a removal of the underground storage basin concrete, but provided a green oasis in a city asphalt and helped improve the runoff potential in a city that continues to struggle with massive flooding.

  • 2016

Flight Dynamics Research Facility Structural Design

Author: Myron Majors
Abstract:

This project designs elements of the structure for the Flight Dynamics Research Facility at NASA Langley Research Center. The primary objective is to present a preliminary structural design to support a new high velocity wind tunnel. The new building will be sized based on the commercially available tunnel selected. The scope of work for this project will include structural engineering and project management and for the proposed Flight Dynamics Research Facility. Structural design and analysis will support replacement of a 20-foot vertical spin tunnel and a 12-foot low speed tunnel with a single new tunnel with significantly higher flow velocity and flow quality.

  • 2016

Mass Customization and Industrialization in Homebuilding

Author: Jacob Matson
Abstract:

The paper covers how mass customization or creating processes where a product can be customized on an individual level can benefit the homebuilding industry. This is achieved by implementing lean processes, managing supply chains, and using manufacturing processes to reduce cycle times and waste. These areas have to incorporate the ability to be flexible to allow for the customization.

  • 2016

Development of an Integrative System with Building Information Modelling and Green Solutions to Improve Feasibility and Productivity to any Construction Project

Author: Raye Regis
Abstract:

Cost overruns and project delays are somewhat inevitable in the construction industry. The integration of computer applications and the emerging trend of “go green” methods can be used to help eliminate evolving construction problems. Construction project failure rates are as high as forty percent (40%); however integrating selected Building Information Modelling (BIM) tools and green engineering solutions, can generate a remarkable outcome of feasibility and productivity improvement of up to ninety percent (90%). Building Information Modelling (BIM) is defined as an intelligent model-based process that provides digital representations of physical building elements, where the user can view and interact with the model in 2D and 3D views, as well as orthographic two-dimensional plan, sections and elevation views. Selected BIM tools are clash detection, visualization, interoperability, construction planning / scheduling and automated code checking. Green engineering solutions is the application of green materials, cost-effective design, commercialization and use of chemical processes to minimize pollution at the source. Selected Green Engineering solutions such as alternative energy, green roof, structural insulated panels (SIP) and frost protected shallow foundation (FPSF). Case studies were completed to observe the results. Two projects that used neither BIM nor Green Engineering solutions did not achieve the planned completion date whilst the two chosen projects that used both were successful. In conclusion, the integration have proved to be fruitful and is becoming a new trend to attain maxim project feasibility and productivity, which by extension is the achievement of project success.

  • 2016

A Case Study on Hurricane Sandy: FEMA Funded Rehabilitation/Reconstruction at Designated Locations between Beach 127 and Beach 149 Street

Author: Charles Airebamen
Abstract:

The case study provides both engineering technical information and an examination of the construction project management technique utilization, in relation to what was learnt at Norwich University, the lessons learned as a result of the Hurricane Sandy devastation, some salient facts about Hurricane Sandy and its impacts, and responses and mitigation of future occurrences. Hurricane Sandy, also referred to as super-storm Sandy, was unprecedented in scale and impact on the urban cluster comprised of New York City and the surrounding metro areas in addition to numerous coastal communities along the New Jersey and New York coasts. The storm exposed the fragility of our modern urban infrastructure and highlighted the vulnerability of this infrastructure to a potentially new norm of extreme events. The storm caused severe coastal damage, as well as major flooding that disrupted normal life in a number of communities as well as the business activities in Lower Manhattan, the financial capital of the world. The flooding, for the first time, affected numerous underground subways and roadways that further amplified the impact of the storm. The storm has raised awareness of issues associated with climate challenge, sea level rise and challenges we face as engineers and as a society in enhancing the resiliency of our infrastructure to rapidly recover from such an extreme natural event.