North Point and Hampstead Hill: The Forgotten Engagements in the Battle of Baltimore 1814

  • 2012

North Point and Hampstead Hill: The Forgotten Engagements in the Battle of Baltimore 1814

Author:
Daniel Freedenburg
Abstract:

As the bicentennial of the War of 1812 arrives this year, Baltimore, MD, has been promoting its role in the war. When one thinks of Baltimore's place in the war, the battle of Fort McHenry immediately comes to mind with images conjured through Francis Scott Key's epic poem, which became the national anthem of the United States.

Ask a local Baltimorean if he or she knows of Rodgers' Bastion, Hampstead Hill, or North Point, and most likely the response will be vague. In fact, the engagements on Baltimore's North Point and at Hampstead Hill - present-day Patterson Park - were in retrospect more decisive than the actions at Fort McHenry that summer of 1814. However, little narrative history remains on the battles at Hampstead Hill and North Point other than Walter Lord's "The Dawn's Early Light" and local histories compiled from records and oral recollections. It is the purpose of this paper to shed light on one of the War of 1812's forgotten battles.