Iran's Nuclear Ambitions: International Threats and Responses

  • 2013

Iran's Nuclear Ambitions: International Threats and Responses

Author:
William Buell
Abstract:

As Iran marches closer to becoming the newest member of the nuclear club, substantial efforts by the international community have aimed to halt its progress through a consistent strategy of coercive diplomacy backed by the potential use of force. Despite broad resolve and action by the P5+1, a multitude of other prominent states, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Iran continues to make steady progress toward obtaining the technological means necessary to produce nuclear weaponry. This paper argues that although the costs of allowing Iran to achieve a nuclear weapon are intolerable, policymakers would be wise to consider the use of force a last resort. This paper explores Iranian motivations for acquiring nuclear technology, current technological evidence indicative of an Iranian nuclear weapons program, the costs to the international community of a nuclear-armed Iran, predominant international responses to Iranian aspirations, and the challenges that the international community would face in employing force.