The 1929 Sino-Soviet War

  • 2013

The 1929 Sino-Soviet War

Author:
Michael Walker
Abstract:

The 1929 Sino-Soviet Conflict was a limited yet bloody war fought over the jointly operated Chinese Eastern Railroad in Manchuria in what proved to be the largest military clash between China and a Western power ever fought on Chinese soil. As the conflict is absent from many East Asian histories, scholars have not framed the war by degrees of significance but by extremes ending in insignificance. The aim of this article is to help resolve the "significance" controversy by presenting the first extensive English-language treatment of a war that had far-reaching consequences: the Kellogg-Briand Pact for the outlawry of war failed, Japan reoriented its military policy away from the United States and towards Manchuria and the Soviet Far East, while Chiang Kai-shek's Nationalist China was weakened and Stalin's Soviet Union emerged as a military power in East Asia.